Special thanks to Mr. Petko Stoychev (, a really hearty person who kindly gave me pictures and materials from his personal collection of instruments!
And that helped me get two new Chinona in perfect condition, hot for me!

A few words, like an introduction.

More and more photographers, especially among those growing up in the digital age, discover the magic of analog photography. It’s a strange feeling when you’re holding a movie body made in the 1970s, whose heart continues to faithfully measure pieces of time as it did when it came out of the factory and fell into the hands of the first your owner. Perhaps because at that time the apparatus was constructed by people with love!

For me, analog photography is a distinctly different vision of the world and time seamed on the film strip, other than the vision of digital photography.

I love the film and the digital file and I can not give up either the analogue or the digital photography!

So, having a lot of experience with the film bodies both inside and outside, I decided to share it with those who started taking pictures on a digital body but are attracted to the analog ones and want to get acquainted with the image they can achieved on the film strip. My goal is the technical side.

My attention will be mainly on Pentax bionics. It is no accident, for this bayonet are fully functional all lenses produced for it, as well as those with 42/1 thread, both for SLR and DSLR with the help of I think this system is the most open and democratic.

CHINON is my favorite film maker and some incredibly quality lenses.

The company was established in 1948 and, as all companies producing quality equipment, was shut down and was acquired by Kodak in 1997.

Extreme influence on the company is the purchase of Chinon by Alpa Switar. I do not know any other company with more sophisticated mechanics and exceptionally good optics. And given that the prison that Chinon uses is Seiko MFC. Undeniable is Chinon’s contribution, which has managed to preserve and build on what has been done to create perhaps the best 20 Century mirror film cameras. Each one is a technical jewel produced with uncompromising materials and quality.

Chinon’s first mirror chambers are in the carousel. These are the Chinon CS, CX CM1, 2, 3, and my favorite Chinon CM-3. All of them are made entirely of metal with extremely precise mechanics, working even today without any problems. It should be borne in mind that some of the bodies for its measuring mechanism use the discontinued from production for environmental reasons 1.35 V batteries, which would lead to replacement errors and new 1.5 V batteries, which can be overcome with the corresponding repairs.

In Japan at that time Chinon CM-1 was preferred to the Pentaks K-1000, knowing how well the Pentaks was made, you can imagine what it is all about.

Subsequently, Chinon passes to K-type bayonet, and with extensive experience, they make a whole family of cameras and gadgets working to this day, as well as serious innovations that you can shoot accurately today.

Manufacturer – Cinon / Japan
Type – Chinon CE-4
Camera Type – Reflex Camera
Type – Film 24 x 36 mm, 135 mm film
Year 1979
Optics – Interchangeable lenses
Prison – Seiko MFC-846 (8 “- 1/1000 and” B “)
In addition, self-timer (5/10 sec)
CDS-controlled TTL measurement – Automatic timer with pointer display and LED in viewfinder
Focusing – Manual, 0.6 m – ∞
Flash Connection – Hot shoe with contact center and additional control Lichem, plus PC junction to the left

Multiple exposure on one frame
Manual mode
Synchronous Flash Speed 1/60
Manual loading
Manually rewind the movie

CHINON CE-II Memotron is a 35mm film SLR electronics camera, launched in 1977.

This is one of the few cameras with mounting screws, allowing automatic aperture priority with any M42 lens that has an auto diaphragm.
The CE-3 is the next model. It offers the same features as the CE II Memotron on a more compact body, although it does not have a maximum shutter speed of 1/2000.
CE-3 is also sold under the name of Revueflex AC1 and some other brands.

The lens should not be changed when the camera is turned on.

Shutter: Seiko MFC-ES, stepless electromagnetic. Shutter speeds: Auto: 4 to 1/2000. Management: B, X 4 to 1/2000. Mechanical: 1 / 100s (for flash sync).
Works only with batteries except X and B modes.

Self-timer: 7.12 seconds.
Viewfinder: Pentaprism SLR, speeds and indicator are visible in it. There is a lid to cover the eyepiece at long exposures that close with a small lever.

TTL CdS, two-cell, Center Weighted, aperture priority, ISO 25-3200 automatic exposure control.
Auto exposure range: EV 1-18 at 100 ASA.
1 / 2x to 2 x EV, 1/3 F-step.
Measurement is possible in automatic and manual mode

AE Memory Button (Memotron): to store the measured exposure in memory.
Battery: 3V, 2x 1.5v, G13 / S76, (accepts lithium Kodak K58L or two alkaline, for example LR44)
Battery check: green LED on the eyepiece frame, in automatic mode switches on, half trigger if the batteries are OK
Motor drive: at the bottom of the unit.
Chinon Winder is a sophisticated device that uses a dedicated memory chip on a computer and has many features: single and continuous modes, preset exposure (up to 24 frames), interval timer (up to 30 second intervals between exposures), on / off and LEDs .

Chinon M-1, 1972

(Also Prinzflex M-1 in Japan, GAF L17 in USA)
Shutter: vertical metal mechanical 1-1 / 1000, B
Flash: Standard X and F sync at 1/125.
TTL measurement.
Microprism and ground glass Fresnel screen.
Battery: PX625
Automatic diaphragm.
Special opportunity for double exposure.
Shutter speeds and inspection visible in the viewfinder.

Chinon CX, 1974

(Also GAF L-CX and Argus CR-2 in the US)
Like Chinon M-1, but with a depth-of-field review.



Chinon CS, 1977

Shutter: Vertical Metal Mechanical 1-1 / 1000, B
Flash: Standard X and F sync at 1/125, Hot Shoe
Microprism and ground glass Fresnel screen
Automatic diaphragm

Chinon CM-3, 1979

Shutter: vertical metal 1-1 / 1000, B
Flash: Standard X and F sync at 1/125 (Or 1/100), Hot Shoe
Measurement: open aperture TTL measurement
Microprism and ground glass Fresnel screen
Battery: 2xMS76
Automatic diaphragm
Depth Field View

Chinon CM-4 (1980)

TTL, LED type light measurement system.
Bayonet: (K-bayonet).
Shutter: Vertical Seiko MFC. Shutter speeds of 1 sec. up to 1/1000 sec. “B” and “X” / 1/90 sec.).
Synchronization: X type of contact for electronic flash in “B” and “X” (1 / 60sec.) And 4sec. Hot Shoe.
TTL, center weighted full aperture system, a silicon photocell, an exposure indicator with 3 LEDs is used.
The measurement is activated when the shutter release button is pressed halfway for a few seconds after the finger is raised from the button remains on.
Exposure range: +2 EV (F / 1.9, 1 sec.) Up to +18 EV (f / 16, 1/1000 sec.) – ASA 100 F / 1.9 lens.
ASA: 25-1600 (DIN 15-33) with safety lock.
Manual exposure: from one to 1/1000 sec.
Mirror: Large, quick return, shockless system.
Viewfinder: Pentaprism, central image separation with microprism and polished glass.
Viewer Zoom: 0.87 x ((ID: 50 mm, 00).
Viewfinder Visibility: 92%.
Film Counter: Automatically displays the number of exposures and returns to “S” when the camera is open.
Crank type rewind
Self-Timer: Built-in.
Power Source: Two 1.5V alkaline batteries (LR44, A76) or two 1.5V silver oxide batteries (SR44)
Test battery: Integrated with LED indicator.
Dimensions: 135.5 (W) x 86.0 (H) x 50.5 (D) mm.
Weight; 455g (16.05 ounces)

Chinon CP-6 1984

The CP-6 is an automatic, 35mm, SLR, film camera, It is the first SLR camera in the world, including the AE Metering program and the DX Auto Indexing of the movie. Also selectable TTL aperture, multi-mode metering and manual exposure system.
It is equipped with an electromagnetic shutter with electronically controlled speeds of 8 to 1/1000 plus B; X flash with sync 1/100-sec. Pentaprism viewfinder with a central split microprint. The camera is powered by three 1.5V AAA (AM-4) batteries. Or directly from the motorbike.
This is the last of this kind of cameras produced by Chinon, with so many innovations that there is no competition. Like all Chinon cameras, it has a perfect light measurement that no manufacturer can reach.

Chinon CP-7м

One of the amazing cameras of the magnificent CHINON manufacturer.
They have never been the biggest players in photography, this brand is not so well known as Canon, Nikon, Pentax. But they made cameras superior to those of their eminent rivals. All their cameras have some nice features and something that makes them special – the ability to work in program mode with all K-bayonet lenses.
What immediately impressed me is the ability of this motorized device to be powered by 4 AA batteries or accumulators or a 2CR5 lithium battery to guarantee the capture of 120 movies.
It has 4 A-mode aperture-priority modes, a P-program that includes 3 programs – normal, fast and slow, M-manual with metering, and multi-exposure single frame, and most models instantly return from any program in -order. One-frame capture or continuous shooting with 2kg per second. You can set maximum exposure time up to 99 minutes. Set a shooting interval and exposure time at the same time interval mode.This mode also works with the multi-exposure function on e yn same frame.
Normal speeds are 8 sec. to 1/2000 and the flash sync is at 1/125 or lower speed of your choice.
Tripod and bayonet threads are metallic. There is automatic DX reading and manually by (32-5000 ISO. There is an EV ± correction, keeping a constant warning for anything other than 0.
So soft a mirror, that even with 1/15 without a tripod the pictures do not blur.
The measurement is centrally weighted and on the left is the exposure lock button.
In one of the forums, I read a statement that CHINON is the Volvoto of the movie era! I would say that is exactly the case.


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